Respiratory Compromise Institute Presents Data Underscoring Respiratory Compromise as a Leading Cause of Mortality in Hospitalized Medicare Patients

May 21, 2017 - (Newswire)

- The Respiratory Compromise Institute (RCI) today announced results of two studies evaluating mortality associated with respiratory compromise in hospitalized Medicare patients. The abstracts were presented at ATS 2017, the annual meeting of the American Thoracic Society, which is taking place in Washington, D.C., May 19-24.

Respiratory compromise is a deterioration of respiratory function that poses a high risk of life-threatening respiratory failure. Respiratory failure is the second leading avoidable patient safety issue.1 It is one of the top five conditions leading to increasing hospital costs2 and the third most rapidly increasing hospital inpatient cost in the United States.3 General care floor patients with respiratory compromise are 29 times more likely to die.2 The ECRI Institute recently identified opioid administration and monitoring in acute care as a top ten patient safety concern.

The studies are the first retrospective analyses of mortality associated with respiratory failure based on Medicare administrative claims data for inpatient admissions to short-term acute care hospitals. The study was conducted for the time period between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014. Based on a review of the Medicare database of hospital admissions, an annual estimate of at least 111,020 Medicare beneficiaries suffer from respiratory compromise.

The first study (Abstract #A1895) evaluated medical records for patients who developed respiratory failure after hospitalization for medical (n =16,653) or surgical (n =13,895) inpatient stays. The average age for the medical and surgical groups was 73.2 and 72.4 years of age, respectively.

In-hospital mortality was greater for medical compared with surgical patients (32.7% vs. 25.1%, p < 0.0001). Mortality during the 30 days post-discharge was also greater for medical compared with surgical patients (15.3% vs. 9.8%, p < 0.0001). In both medical and surgical groups, hospital mortality was considerably worse when acute kidney failure occurred during the hospitalization (p

Original Source: https://www.newswire.com/news/respiratory-compromise-institute-presents-data-underscoring-respiratory

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